Cancer diagnosis and treatment are focused on curing the disease and prolonging life and so provide cancer sufferers with the best possible quality of life. Given the significant number of cancer diagnoses and the more that 9 million deaths that occur worldwide each year, these two aspects (diagnosis and treatment) of cancer are very crucial.
More emphasis has been put on trying to understand how cancer occurs and establishing more reliable diagnosis and treatment options. The growth of technology has helped significantly in establishing more advanced options for both diagnosis and treatment of cancer.
One of the key factors in cancer diagnosis, apart from the technology, is time. The earlier cancer is diagnosed, the better the chances of successful treatment.
This is why there is an emphasis in early screening given that most cancer patients are diagnosed in a late stage when the cancer has spread and is more difficult to treat and/or manage. The following are some of the advanced technologies used in cancer diagnosis:
- One of the key factors in cancer diagnosis, apart from the technology, is time. The earlier cancer is diagnosed, the better the chances of successful treatment. This is why there is an emphasis in early screening given that most cancer patients are diagnosed in a late stage when the cancer has spread and is more difficult to treat and/or manage. The following are some of the advanced technologies used in cancer diagnosis:
- 3 Tesla MRI: This machine generates a magnetic field that is twice the strength of 1.5 Tesla machines and 10 to 15 times stronger than the low field or open MRI scanners. Therefore, it provides more detailed and more beneficial images that can help in locating cancers in the spine, brain and musculoskeletal system. It has also made it easier to detect prostate cancer.
- 3D digital mammography with tomosynthesis: This technology provides a three-dimensional imaging with a low radiation dose and plays a significant role in breast cancer detection by being more reliable.
- 4D Breast ultrasonography: Also known as automatic breast ultrasonography or volumetric breast ultrasonography, this technique enables images of the breast to be taken under standard exposures and the images to be recreated, hence, minimising imaging errors.
- PET/CT: This is one of the most efficient imaging systems, especially in oncology for tumour detection as well as in determining the differentiation degree of a tumour and in planning for radiation therapy and the assessment of treatment response. It enables screening of the entire body and can therefore help to determine whether cancer has spread to other organs.
- Endoscopic Ultrasonography (EUS): This procedure enables the use of specialist equipment developed for performing endoscopies of the digestive system, to give images of internal organs such as the intestines, the gallbladder, the pancreas and the stomach. Through these images, doctors can get tissue samples from tumours in the digestive tract and neighbouring organs and examine them to determine whether they are cancerous.
- Force CT: This imaging technique uses low dose radiation yet allows for faster scanning and higher resolution to detect diseases in the early stage.
Cancer treatment relies highly on evidence-based options which, in some cases, involves incorporating more than one treatment method. To decide on the best treatment option, decision making should factor in the patient’s preference. Some of the advanced technology used in cancer treatment includes:
- Cyberknife: This technology offers precision in cancer treatment anywhere in the body and especially for multiple tumours that need complex surgery and those that cannot be operated on. It also minimises possible damage to healthy cells that surround a
tumour. Patients who undergo cyberknife treatment can quickly return to their normal lives as the procedure is pain free.
- Truebeam: This incorporates advanced radiotherapy techniques that offer fast, precise and correct delivery of radiation, even to small tumours. It is preferred in treating small tumours in the head and other parts of the body and in treating those tumours which pose a risk due to their nearness to certain organs while delivering radiation to the tumour and at the same time minimising damage to healthy tissue around the tumour.
- Gamma knife: It is used in the treatment of brain tumours as it allows for treatment of tumours that are difficult to access through conventional surgery. Due to the use of low dose radiation it minimises damage caused to normal healthy brain tissue.
- da Vinci Robot: This technology allows for surgery to be done through micro incisions while allowing for three-dimensional imaging and therefore difficult surgeries can be performed with greater ease. Through use of this surgical robot, patients have to endure less recovery time due to the small incisions used and can therefore go back to their daily lives faster as compared to when conventional surgery is used.
- Single dose radiotherapy: This technique allows for a single dose of radiation to be delivered to a tumour in breast cancer treatment during surgery which eliminates the need for radiation therapy after surgery unless additional doses are required.
International Medical Treatment Ltd (IMT) understands the need for cancer patients to find high quality medical diagnosis and treatment. To address that, we partner with some of the best hospitals in the world that have the latest state-of-the-art technologies to diagnose and treat a variety of cancers.
Our partner hospitals also have highly qualified specialists who have extensive experience in dealing with even complex cancer cases. Contact IMT today to find high quality and affordable cancer diagnosis and treatment in some of the best medical destination countries around the world.