Urology is a branch of medicine that deals with the urinary tract system in both men and women. However, due to the fact that the urinary tract is different in men and women, there is a variation in the type of conditions that occur in them.
This article will highlight the urological conditions that women may experience. These include problems with incontinence, Fistula, UTIs and bladder prolapse, among others.
Understanding common urological conditions in women
This refers to the lack of control of the bladder, causing unintentional leakage from the bladder and mostly occurs in older women or women who have had children. Although some people consider incontinence to be a normal part of aging, it is not, and getting the right treatment can help. Apart from suffering incontinence after giving birth, women can also suffer from it because of excess body weight.
Treatments for incontinence include behavioural and physical therapies such as reducing the amount of water and caffeine consumed and doing exercises to strengthen the pelvic floor muscles. If these do not work and the condition gets worse, surgery may be recommended. Other treatment options include taking medicines to relax the bladder and undergoing percutaneous tibia nerve stimulation.
2. Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs)
These infections occur when bacteria enter the urethra which is a tube that carries urine out of the body from the bladder. The infections are said to be recurrent when they occur more than twice in a period of six months or occur more than three times in a year. These infections can also occur in the kidney and the symptoms differ from person to person depending on where they arise- in the bladder or kidney.
Symptoms may include a burning sensation when urinating, blood in the urine and frequent urination if the infection affects the bladder. Symptoms may include back pain, vomiting and fever when the infection affects the kidney.
3. Interstitial Cystitis
Also known as bladder pain syndrome, this condition causes bladder pain and a frequent need to urinate. It is suspected to occur due to abnormal changes in the bladder lining and some of its symptoms are:
- Bladder pain, which is relieved after urinating, and
- Having the urge to urinate even when one does not need to
This condition can be treated using physical therapy, bladder training, medicine to reduce pain and surgery to place a small device in the lower back connecting the nerve that goes to the bladder.
4. Bladder Fistula
This is an opening that occurs between the bladder and vagina due to prolonged labour, or gynaecological cancers. A woman who suffers from fistula, experiences leakage of urine from the vagina. Other symptoms include frequent UTIs.
This condition is treated through surgery to remove the damaged part of the bladder, after which healthy tissue is used to block the opening.
5. Bladder Prolapse
This condition occurs when the ligaments, skin and muscles surrounding the vagina weaken causing organs in the pelvic area such as the bladder to fall out of their normal position. The treatment for a prolapsed bladder depends on the stage of the condition.
Women with a grade one bladder prolapse may not require any medication or surgical treatment while those with a severe prolapsed bladder will usually be treated with surgery to secure the bladder in the right position. This surgery is usually done through the vagina.
Many women may feel embarrassed to talk about such conditions which may hinder them from accessing the best treatment.
At International Medical Treatment (IMT), we keep your health information private and help you find top quality medical treatment at our partner hospitals around the world. To get the best treatment for these and other urological conditions, get in touch with us at IMT today.