What you need to know about Minimally-Invasive Surgery
This surgery refers to medical treatment that involves a doctor cutting open a patient’s tissues to repair, remove or replace a diseased or damaged part.
Traditional surgery has for a long time, (since the 16th century- when it became advanced) been a treatment option for many health conditions worldwide.
With the growth of technology, however, surgeons have found better ways to do such treatments – Non-Surgical Treatment.
Non-Surgical Treatment refers to using minimally invasive procedures to do treatments that would usually require traditional surgery.
Interventional radiology is one way of performing minimally invasive treatments. It is a type of radiology that uses images taken using Computerised Tomography (CT) scans, X- rays, Ultrasounds or Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scans to direct interventional instruments into the body to treat the part that needs treatment.
Needles and narrow tubes (catheters) are used in performing interventional radiology through small incisions instead of cutting open tissues like in traditional surgery.
This procedure can be used in treating many conditions such as:
- Massive bleeding from the Gastrointestinal (GI) tract
- Liver Cancer
- Vertebroplasty (a spinal procedure)
- Uterine Fibroids
- Vascular Tumours
- Slipped disc
Non-Traditional Surgical Procedures
Other Non-Traditional Surgical Procedures include:
- Robotic Surgery which can be used in Spine surgery and in treating Prostate and Urology conditions.
- Non-Robotic Minimally-Invasive Surgery such as Laparoscopic Surgery and Thoracoscopic surgery which are used in treating pancreatic cancer and other cancers, heart conditions like mitral valve repair, Urological conditions as well as Spine conditions.
Advantages of using Minimally Invasive procedures
- Less Pain: Unlike in traditional surgery, non-surgical interventions cause less pain to the patient and so the patient requires less pain-killers. This is due to the small incisions as compared to the large cuts in traditional surgery.
- Less Scarring: The use of needles and narrow tubes in non- surgical interventions ensures that the patient has small scars, unlike in traditional surgery where the scars can be big, very visible and unappealing.
- Less tissue injury: With the small incisions, non- surgical interventions cause less damage to the muscles as compared to traditional surgery where the damage is more extensive and requires more time to heal.
- Shorter hospital stays: People who undergo this type of treatment can leave the hospital sooner than those who undergo traditional surgery and are therefore able to continue with their normal life and activities sooner.
- Less Bleeding: The use of non-surgical interventions causes less bleeding than traditional surgery where patients may lose a lot of blood.
- Less Trauma: The patient’s organs suffer less trauma than in traditional surgery where the risk of trauma to body organs is high.
- Reduced Infection Rates: The risk of getting infections during and after surgery is reduced if one undergoes a minimally- invasive procedure when compared to traditional surgery which involves the tissues being cut open.
- High Accuracy: The use of video-assisted equipment enables surgeons to be more accurate in doing the procedures, and so achieve better results.
Disadvantages of Minimal Invasive Surgery
- This procedure is more expensive when compared to traditional surgery because it requires specialized high-technology equipment and specialized training for the surgeons who perform it.
- Not all surgeries can be performed using this procedure.