Cardiovascular diseases, also called heart diseases are the most common cause, or the number one cause, of death worldwide, claiming over 17 million lives every year. 75% of all CVD deaths occur in low-and-middle-income countries. There are several heart diseases that count for all these deaths, however, 4 out of 5 of all CVD deaths are due to heart attacks and strokes.
Tobacco use and excessive alcohol intake, poor diet and lack of physical activity are some of the major risk factors for cardiovascular diseases.
Out of the 310 million surgeries performed worldwide, 50 million people experience complications after surgery. Cardiovascular complications are some of the major sources of adverse outcomes from surgery with conditions including arrhythmias and heart attacks. They affect approximately 4.5 per cent of all patients who undergo surgeries. This is because all types of surgeries put added stress on the heart, increasing the risk of heart-related complications.
- Congenital Heart Defects
- Coronary Artery Disease
- Heart disease
- Heart Failure
- Atrial Fibrillation (A-FIB)
Depending on which condition one has, treatment can be:
- Anticoagulation treatment
- Balloon angioplasty
- Coronary angiogram
- Coronary artery bypass graft
- Coronary CT angiography
- Exercise stress test
- Heart transplant
- Left atrial appendage closure using watchman
- Pacemaker implantation
- Stem cell therapy
- Stress echocardiogram
- Tilt table test
- Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI)
- PET/CT: This is one of today’s most efficient imaging systems that allows simultaneous screening of the whole body. It can be used in detecting viable heart tissue after a heart attack.
- Sliding CT: This device helps to acquire diagnosis data faster and with more flexibility. It therefore provides convenience when used together with angiography devices during interventional treatment.
- 320 slice CT scanner: This imaging device shows the anatomy of the entire heart and the changes that occur in the heart.
- 63 slice CT angiography: This, on the other hand, is a non-invasive procedure that is used to check for any blockages in the arteries. During the procedure, a radiopaque dye is injected into the blood and traced on an x-ray machine.
- DSA: Digital Subtraction Angiography enables imaging of all veins in the body. It can also be used in both diagnosis and treatment such as in treating aneurisms which are expansions of the veins in balloon form.
- Robotic Angiography: The robotic-assisted angiography system is used in interventional cardiology as its advanced flat panel detector and tube technologies provide high quality images with a small dose of radiation. It, at the same time, provides a hygiene-oriented approach as it is designed to protect against infections and prevent bacteria and viruses from reproducing on the system.
- Da Vinci: This robotic system allows for surgery to be undertaken through micro incisions while enabling 3-dimensional imaging making the procedure easier and precise. Due to the small incisions, patients recover faster and have minimal scarring.
Advanced technology makes heart treatments more precise and helps to avoid complications that may arise during surgery. IMT partner hospitals invest in the latest technology in the diagnosis and treatment of heart conditions and other complex medical conditions to ensure that patients, including international patients, get the best quality.