The testicles also known as the testes are two oval-shaped organs of the male reproductive system that produce the male reproductive cells and male hormones like sperm and testosterone, respectively. Testicular disorders can cause serious complications such as infertility, sexual dysfunction and hormonal imbalance in men.
When looking for the right treatment of such disorders, whether for yourself or a loved one, it is crucial that you find high quality medical treatment. International Medical Treatment Ltd (IMT) partners with some of the leading hospitals overseas to help patients worldwide, including those with testicular disorders, find affordable high-quality treatment.
Disorders of the Testicles
Some of the Testicular disorders treated at our partner hospitals include:
- Testicular cancer: This cancer affects the testicles when abnormal cells start to grow rapidly and uncontrollably. The risk factors for testicular cancer include undescended testicles, age, and family history. Some of the symptoms for this cancer include presence of a lump in the testis, irregularity or enlargement of the testis and having a feeling of heaviness in the scrotum. To find out more about testicular cancer and the diagnostic and treatment options available, click here. Surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy are some of the treatment options used to treat testicular cancer.
- Testicular Trauma: The testes being located outside the body and therefore, it is quite easy for men to get injured, mostly during sports. Severe testicular injuries like testicular rupture require surgery which is carried out using the latest surgical technology.
- Hypogonadism: Testosterone is an important hormone in the male body as it gives men their male characteristics; body hair, muscle and strength. When a man has low testosterone, they are said to have hypogonadism. It can be caused by other testicular conditions like testicular trauma, treatment of testicular cancer, certain medications and undescended testicles, among other factors like age.
There are several other testicular disorders such as testicular torsion and epididymitis, however, we will focus on a deformity of the testicles that is a risk factors for other testicular disorders – Undescended testicles. A deformity is when a particular part of the body does not develop in the normal way.
About Undescended Testicles
Also known as Cryptorchidism, this deformity occurs when the testicles do not descend from the abdomen like they are expected to before birth. For some children, the testicles eventually descend to the right position by the time of their first birthday. However, for others, they remain undescended and that can result in abnormal testicular development. Also known as Cryptorchidism, this deformity occurs when the testicles do not descend from the abdomen like they are expected to before birth. For some children, the testicles eventually descend to the right position by the time of their first birthday. However, for others, they remain undescended and that can result in abnormal testicular development.
- The common treatment option for undescended testicles is through reconstructive surgery. Reconstructive surgery is often viewed as cosmetic surgery. However, reconstructive surgery is done to treat developmental abnormalities, congenital defects or other problems that affect a person’s physical structures. Cosmetic surgery on the other hand, is focused on improving a person’s appearance, for instance through breast lift, liposuction, facial implants, among other cosmetic procedures.
- Reconstructive surgery known as orchiopexy, can be done to treat undescended testicles by bringing the testes into the scrotum. Unlike traditional surgery, more advanced surgical equipment is used to perform this orchiopexy. A laparoscopic approach to this surgery, allows for faster recovery as small incisions are made in the groin, unlike in open surgery which takes time to heal.
- The recommended time when orchiopexy should be performed is between 6 to 12 months to avoid complications that may arise if the surgery is done later. In cases where, surgery is done after several years, orchidectomy is the best option. This is because it reduces the risk of testicular cancer. Testicular implants are available after orchidectomy to basically improve appearance.
- After surgery, the patient needs to continue having regular check up to determine that the testicles are growing normally, especially in children who have undergone orchiopexy. For those with one undescended testicle, their fertility is nearly normal, however, for those with two undescended testicles, their fertility can be affected. Even though surgery reduces the risk of testicular cancer, it does not eliminate it completely.
If your child has undescended testicles, the first thing to know is that it is actually common and therefore, you are not alone. IMT is here for you to help you find high quality treatment for your child overseas. Our partner hospitals use the latest surgical technology to ensure patients get quality surgical treatments. In the case of treating undescended testicles, robotics assisted laparoscopic surgery not only enables faster healing but also allowing precision which reduces the risk for complications.
Our partner hospitals also provide personalised care to all patients and have state-of-the-art surgical theatres and highly qualified and trained paediatricians who have adequate experience in dealing with paediatric medical issues.