What is Gastroenterology?

This is the branch of medicine that focuses on the digestive system and the diseases associated with it. It looks at the functioning of the digestive system which is made up of the esophagus, stomach, small intestines, gall bladder, colon, rectum, pancreas, bile duct and liver.

Types of include:

  • Colon polyps

  • Gastrointestinal cancer

  • Cirrhosis of the liver

  • Liver diseases

  • Peptic ulcer disease

  • Colitis

  • Gallbladder and biliary tract disease

  • Pancreatitis

Common Diagnostic & Treatment Options

Gastroenterology problems can be diagnosed through the following tests:

  • Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP): This procedure examines the stomach, esophagus, pancreatic ducts and duodenum. A gastroscope is inserted into the mouth all down to the Gastric Tract.
  • Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD): The stomach, duodenum and esophagus are examined using a gastroscope which is inserted into the mouth. Sample tissues are taken when bleeding is stopped.
  • Intestinal and liver biopsy: Taking samples from the liver and intestine to determine what disease one is suffering from by looking at the samples under a microscope.
  • Hydrogen Breathing test: It is done using lactose to diagnose small intestinal bacterial overgrowth.
  • Fecal Occult Blood Test: This blood test can be done annually, and it should incorporate 3 consecutive stool tests.

Please click on the list below to see other common diagnostic and treatment options for the different liver and gastrointestinal conditions. Contact us today for more information on treatment options from our partner hospitals.

These are some of the common diagnostic options for liver and Gastrointestinal conditions

  • Upper GI Endoscopy: The use of an endoscope to view the upper GI tract (the first part of the small intestine), consisting or the oesophagus, stomach and duodenum.

  • Enteroscopy: A test done to examine the small intestine using an endoscope that is passed through the mouth or nose into the upper GI.

  • Colonoscopy: This procedure is used to view inside the colon and rectum to find inflamed tissue, ulcers or abnormal growths and also early signs of colorectal cancer.

  • Capsule Endoscopy: A test to help in viewing and evaluating the lining of the middle part of the GI tract.

  • Endoscopic Ultrasonography (EUS): This is a minimally invasive procedure used to assess gastrointestinal diseases using a combination of both the endoscope with ultrasonography.

  • Oesophageal Manometry: Used to check whether the oesophagus is contracting and relaxing as required.

  • Anal Manometry: This test evaluates the strength of the sphincter muscles; whether they relax as they are meant to.

  • ERCP: This procedure to diagnose disease in the bile ducts, pancreas and gallbladder.

Common tranplants include:

  • Pancreas Transplant: It involves transferring a healthy pancreas from a donor to a recipient especially those who have insulin- dependent diabetes.

  • Liver Transplant:  This involves transferring a healthy liver from a donor to a recipient. It can be part of or the entire liver.

Severe gallstones can be treated through:

  • Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy: This procedure is performed using a laparoscope which is inserted into the abdomen through small incisions.

  • Endoscopic retrograde cholecystectomy: This is done to remove gallstones which are located in the bile duct using a combination of endoscopy and fluoroscopy.

These are some of the common surgical options for hernia

  • Inguinal hernia surgery: This surgical operation is done to correct or remove hernias depending on their sizes, these operation can be of three types, they include:

    1. Open inguinal hernia repair: A single surgical incision is made on the groin to push back the hernia bulging out of the abdominal wall by stitching the edges of healthy muscle tissue. In cases where the hernia is bulging in the inguinal canal, a knot can be tied to remove it. This type of surgery is appropriate for smaller hernias. It is also known as herniorrhaphy or hernioplasty.

    2. Hiatus hernia surgery: This is done to correct an abnormality where a part of the stomach slides into the chest causing a severe heartburn.

    3. Laparoscopic hernia surgery: In this procedure, small incisions are made near the hernia and a thin tube with small camera in the end is inserted to give images that act as a guide to repair the hernia with a mesh.

Cancer of the stomach and liver

Apart from removing tumours, surgery can also be used in treating other conditions. These surgeries include:

  • Appendectomy: It is done to remove the appendix mostly due to appendicitis, a condition that causes inflammation of the appendix walls due to infection.

  • Portal Hypertension Surgery: This type of surgery is used to reduce high blood pressure in the portal vein which is the blood vessel connecting the intestines and liver and to prevent abdominal bleeding.c retrograde cholecystectomy.

  • Complex Biliary Reconstruction surgery: It is used to treat bile duct injuries, other injuries that involves the confluence and injuries in which repair attempts have failed.

Are you suffering from a digestive system condition that requires treatment?

Maybe you don’t have access to a hospital or clinic that can give you the treatment that you need. Maybe you haven’t been diagnosed with a digestive system condition but are worried that you may be suffering from one and want to be thoroughly tested. International Medical Treatment (IMT) can help you access cost-effective, high quality digestive system treatments at affiliated hospitals and clinics in India, Dubai, and Thailand. We can link you with the right hospital or clinic and arrange you travel.

To learn more on overseas liver and gastrointestinal treatments available at our partner hospitals please click the button below.



The latest advancements in technology can play an important role in the treatment process.

IMT can help you access the latest technology. We can link you with our affiliated, internationally accredited hospitals and clinics where equipment such as the following is available:

  • 3Tesla MRI
  • Ultra-fast Siemens PET/CT Scanner
  • Robotic Surgery: Using a robot that is controlled remotely to do surgery that is less invasive.
  • Laparoscopy: Uses a laparoscope to examine organs inside the abdomen. 


Prevention is always better than cure. Here are some ways that you can reduce the risk of Gastroenterological disorders:

  • Eat a high fibre diet
  • Drink plenty of water
  • Eat more frequent meals
  • Quit smoking
  • Avoid alcohol
  • Avoid daily aspirin use
  • Avoid use of steroids and anti- inflammatory drugs
  • Do exercises regularly

Additional resources

If you would like to find out more about Gastroenterology and its different types, we have put together a few high quality links that could be useful.



How IMT Can Help?

Gastroenterology problems are treatable, especially if caught early

We recommend that you see your local doctor for health check-ups and that you keep yourself informed about the best ways to maintain a healthy life-style.

We also do recommend that you take preventative measures such as eating healthily and exercising regularly.

But maybe you find that you need more than your local doctor or hospital. Maybe you want to access a fully-equipped, internationally recognized hospital or clinic overseas which can provide comprehensive health check-ups, a full range of diagnostic testing and state-of-the-art treatments.

If you would like to find out more about treatment options for gastoenterological conditions at top hospitals in India, Dubai and Thailand, please contact us today.


We are here to help. By using IMT you will be assured of the following:


You will get a free, dedicated client coordinator who will help coordinate with our partner hospitals to provide you, for free, with treatment plans and quotes to allow you to make an informed decision about which hospital and treatment is right for you.

All our partner hospitals are internationally accredited (JCI) and are the top hospitals in each country. We only work with market leading hospitals.

If you arrange things through us you will never pay more than if you were to contact the hospitals directly.

No waiting times.

No hidden fees, no obligations – receive a free, dedicated coordinator from IMT to help coordinate and book your international medical treatment.

Click the button below to fill out a short form with your information to get treatment options from specialists at our partner hospitals today.