These are some of the common diagnostic options for liver and Gastrointestinal conditions
Upper GI Endoscopy: The use of an endoscope to view the upper GI tract (the first part of the small intestine), consisting or the oesophagus, stomach and duodenum.
Enteroscopy: A test done to examine the small intestine using an endoscope that is passed through the mouth or nose into the upper GI.
Colonoscopy: This procedure is used to view inside the colon and rectum to find inflamed tissue, ulcers or abnormal growths and also early signs of colorectal cancer.
Capsule Endoscopy: A test to help in viewing and evaluating the lining of the middle part of the GI tract.
Endoscopic Ultrasonography (EUS): This is a minimally invasive procedure used to assess gastrointestinal diseases using a combination of both the endoscope with ultrasonography.
Oesophageal Manometry: Used to check whether the oesophagus is contracting and relaxing as required.
Anal Manometry: This test evaluates the strength of the sphincter muscles; whether they relax as they are meant to.
ERCP: This procedure to diagnose disease in the bile ducts, pancreas and gallbladder.
Common tranplants include:
Pancreas Transplant: It involves transferring a healthy pancreas from a donor to a recipient especially those who have insulin- dependent diabetes.
Liver Transplant: This involves transferring a healthy liver from a donor to a recipient. It can be part of or the entire liver.
Severe gallstones can be treated through:
Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy: This procedure is performed using a laparoscope which is inserted into the abdomen through small incisions.
Endoscopic retrograde cholecystectomy: This is done to remove gallstones which are located in the bile duct using a combination of endoscopy and fluoroscopy.
These are some of the common surgical options for hernia
Inguinal hernia surgery: This surgical operation is done to correct or remove hernias depending on their sizes, these operation can be of three types, they include:
1. Open inguinal hernia repair: A single surgical incision is made on the groin to push back the hernia bulging out of the abdominal wall by stitching the edges of healthy muscle tissue. In cases where the hernia is bulging in the inguinal canal, a knot can be tied to remove it. This type of surgery is appropriate for smaller hernias. It is also known as herniorrhaphy or hernioplasty.
2. Hiatus hernia surgery: This is done to correct an abnormality where a part of the stomach slides into the chest causing a severe heartburn.
3. Laparoscopic hernia surgery: In this procedure, small incisions are made near the hernia and a thin tube with small camera in the end is inserted to give images that act as a guide to repair the hernia with a mesh.
Cancer of the stomach and liver
Apart from removing tumours, surgery can also be used in treating other conditions. These surgeries include:
Appendectomy: It is done to remove the appendix mostly due to appendicitis, a condition that causes inflammation of the appendix walls due to infection.
Portal Hypertension Surgery: This type of surgery is used to reduce high blood pressure in the portal vein which is the blood vessel connecting the intestines and liver and to prevent abdominal bleeding.c retrograde cholecystectomy.
Complex Biliary Reconstruction surgery: It is used to treat bile duct injuries, other injuries that involves the confluence and injuries in which repair attempts have failed.