What is Heart or Cardiovascular Disease?

Heart disease describes a range of conditions that affect your heart. Diseases under the heart disease umbrella include blood vessel diseases, such as coronary artery disease; heart rhythm problems (arrhythmias); and heart defects you’re born with (congenital heart defects), among others.

The term heart disease is often used interchangeably with the term cardiovascular disease. Cardiovascular disease generally refers to conditions that involve narrowed or blocked blood vessels that can lead to a heart attack, chest pain (angina) or stroke. Other heart conditions, such as those that affect your heart’s muscle, valves or rhythm, are also considered forms of heart disease.

Your doctor will likely perform a physical exam and ask about your medical history. The tests needed to diagnose heart disease may depend on the condition your doctor thinks you might have.

Besides blood tests and a chest X-ray, tests to diagnose heart disease could include:

  • Cardiac catheterization: in this test, a short tube (sheath) is inserted into a vein or artery in your leg (groin) or arm. A hollow, flexible and longer tube (guide catheter) is then inserted into the sheath. Aided by X-ray images on a monitor, your doctor threads the guide catheter through that artery until it reaches your heart.The pressures in your heart chambers can be measured, and dye can be injected. The dye can be seen on an X-ray, which helps your doctor see the blood flow through your heart, blood vessels and valves to check for abnormalities.
  • Cardiac computerized tomography (CT) scan: this test is often used to check for heart problems. In a cardiac CT scan, you lie on a table inside a doughnut-shaped machine. An X-ray tube inside the machine rotates around your body and collects images of your heart and chest.
  • Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): for this test, you lie on a table inside a long tube-like machine that produces a magnetic field. The magnetic field produces pictures to help your doctor evaluate your heart.

Maybe you’ve been diagnosed with Heart or Cardiovascular Disease but can’t get a full range of tests. Maybe you haven’t been diagnosed with Heart or Cardiovascular Disease but are worried that you may have it and you want to be thoroughly tested.

Have you thought about travelling to an overseas hospital for a full range of tests, perhaps even a second opinion?

IMT can help you access cost-effective, high quality overseas treatment through our partner hospitals in Dubai, Thailand and India. All our affiliated hospitals are internationally accredited and have state-of-the-art diagnostic equipment including new CT, MRI and PET scanners.

Common Heart Treatment Options

The type of treatment a patient may need varies by heart condition. In general, treatment options could include:

  • Lifestyle changes: these include eating a low-fat and low-sodium diet, getting at least 30 minutes of moderate exercise on most days of the week, quitting smoking, and limiting alcohol intake.
  • Medications: if lifestyle changes alone aren’t enough, your doctor may prescribe medications to control your heart disease. The type of medication will depend on the type of heart disease.
  • Medical procedures or surgery: if medications aren’t enough, it’s possible your doctor will recommend specific procedures or surgery. The type of procedure will depend on the type of heart disease and the extent of the damage to your heart.

Our partner hospitals are able to perform state-of-the-art heart procedures and surgeries outlined in the list below. Please click on the type of treatment from the list below to see some of the common heart treatment options people travel travel overseas for.

Common Ways to Diagnose Heart Conditions

  • Electrocardiogram: This test measures the electrical activity of the heartbeat.

  • Stress Echocardiography and exercise echocardiography: This test uses ultrasound waves to create an image of the heart muscle showing the size, flow of blood, the movement of the heart’s valves and shape as one is made to exercise or use medication making the heart to work harder than usual. This action is then monitored.

  • Transoesophageal (TEE): It is used in determining whether a person with abnormal heart rhythm is at risk of getting stroke by revealing the presence of any blood clots in the heart.

  • Electrophysiology: This procedure is conducted to measure the heart’s electrical signals by inserting catheters fitted with electrodes into the blood vessels.

  • 64 slice CT Angiography: This non-invasive procedure is used to check for blockages in arteries by injecting radiopaque dye that can be traced during x- ray.

  • 320 slice CT Scanner: This is used to take images of the entire heart showing the anatomy of the heart and changes in the it.

  • Tilt Table test: This test is done to people who often faint or feel lightheaded. A person is made to lie flat on a tilt- table which is tilted upwards slowly, after a few minutes, to enable for blood pressure and heart rate measuring.

  • Nuclear Cardiology: Radioactive material is injected, inhaled or swallowed to enable the evaluation of coronary artery disease and cardiomyopathy and also in determining whether the heart has been damaged by either chemo or radiotherapy treatment.

Surgery Options To Treat Certain Heart Conditions

  • Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG): This procedure involves allowing blood from another body part to go around the blocked artery thereby letting more blood and oxygen to flow to the heart.

  • Balloon Angioplasty: It involves placing a catheter into the artery through a tube- like sheath that is also inserted into the artery. A small amount of liquid is then put into the vessel through the catheter and this helps in treating narrowed arteries.

  • Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI): This procedure is used to treat severe aortic stenosis using a balloon that is inserted into the artery then inflated placing pressure on the artificial heart valve to replace the already existing. aortic valve.

  • Minimally Invasive Coronary Artery Surgery: This surgery is done by making a small incision of 4cm through the left side of the chest to treat coronary artery disease.

  • Beating Heart Surgery: This procedure is used to stabilize portions of the heart and to bypass the artery that is blocked.

  • Heart Transplant: This procedure involves replacing a damaged heart with a healthy heart of a donor.

  • Heart Valve Replacement Surgery: It is used to treat abnormalities such as leaking of blood through the mitral valve.

  • Keyhole Angioplasty: This procedure is similar to the coronary angioplasty which uses small incisions, however, keyhole angioplasty is less time consuming.

Interventional Cardiology Options To Treat Certain Heart Conditions

  • Non- Surgical Closure of heart defects: This procedure is used to correct atrial septal defects (hole in the heart), using button or amplatzer’s device or coils.

  • Bifurcation Stent technology for complex Bifurcation Angioplasty: It is done to remove blockage in blood vessels at the point two blood vessels branch.

  • Stent Placement: This is the placing of small expandable tubes in the arteries to treat narrowing of arteries in the body. This procedure can also reduce chest pains and treat heart attack.

  • Bioresorsable Vascular Scaffold: This involves using a non- metallic mesh tube to treat narrow arteries. It is similar to stenting, although in this case it dissolves once the blocked artery is able to function normally and can stay open.

  • CrossBoss Catheter: It uses catheters which are made of stainless steel to treat blocked arteries.

  • Left Atrial Appendage Closure using the Watchman Device: This device is a parachute shaped device that is used in closing the left atrial appendage in people with a high risk of stroke or systemic embolism.

Common Paediatric Cardiology treatment options To Treat Certain Heart Conditions

  • Ventricular Septal Defect repair: repairs a defect between the heart’s two lower chambers (ventricles).

  • Atrial Septal Defect repair: repairs a defect between the heart’s two upper chambers (atria)

  • Coarctation of Aorta repair: repairs narrowing of the aorta.

  • Tetralogy of Fallot treatment: which causes “blue babies” (a birth defect that causes a baby’s blood from being fully oxygenated due to malformation of the heart).

  • Patent Ductus Arteriosus closure: an abnormal circulation of blood between the aorta and the pulmonary artery.

Cardiac Arrhythmia Treatment Options

  • Pacemaker Implantation: This device is placed in the chest or abdomen of a person suffering from Arrhythmia to control the heart beat using electrical pulses to keep the heart beat at a normal rate.

Stem Cell Treatment For Heart Conditions

  • This treatment option is used to enable the replacement of damaged or injured cells in the heart. These stem cells are manufactured in a lab before being implanted into a person’s body through injection.

Medication Treatment For Heart Conditions

  • Anticoagulation Treatment: This is meant to prevent abnormal blood clots ensuring that treatment of heart conditions is effective and that a person is not at risk.

Maybe you don’t have access to a hospital or clinic that can give you the treatment that you need for Heart or Cardiovascular Disease.

IMT can help you access cost-effective, high quality treatment at our affiliated hospitals and clinics in Dubai, Thailand and India. We can link you with the right hospital or clinic and arrange your travel.

To learn more on cardiovascular treatments available at our partner hospitals please click the button below.



The latest advancements in technology can play an important role in the treatment process.

IMT can help you access the latest technology. We can link you with our affiliated, internationally accredited hospitals and clinics where equipment such as the following is available:

  • 3D Intracoronary Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) Cath Lab
  • Dedicated cardiac operation theatres
  • Vibrant Non-Invasive Cardiology program with Stress Test, 2 D Echo, Tilt Table Testing, Dual Source CT Scan for CT Coronary Angiography and Nuclear Medicine Departments
  • Electrophysiology Lab

All our partner hospitals have well equipped state of the art dedicated cardiology departments


Prevention is always better than a cure. Some of the ways you can reduce your risk of getting a Heart or Cardiovascular disorder include:

  • Not smoking cigarettes or using other tobacco products.
  • Using alcohol in moderation, if you do drink.
  • Eating a diet rich in fruits and vegetables and avoiding foods high in cholesterol, and high in saturated fats, sugar and salt.
  • Trying to reduce stress
  • Staying physically active and exercising regularly.

Additional resources

If you would like to find out more about Heart or Cardiovascular Disease and its different types, we have put together a few high quality links that could be useful.


This site provides a very good overview of heart disease.


The site provides a good overview of the types or heart disease.


This site provides a good overview of the treatment options available.


The site provides a list of drugs that can be used to treat Heart or Cardiovascular Disease. Although the site is targeted towards the US, it does provide useful information to help you become more informed on drug options or on a drug that you may have been prescribed. It includes information about the drug, when not to use it, information you need to know before starting the drug, how to use it, possible side effects, and other important safety information.

How IMT Can Help?

Heart or Cardiovascular Disease is treatable, especially if caught early

We recommend that you see your local doctor for health check-ups and that you keep yourself informed about the best ways to maintain a healthy life-style.

We also do recommend that you take preventative measures such as eating healthily and exercising regularly.

But maybe you find that you need more than your local doctor or hospital. Maybe you want to access a fully-equipped, internationally recognized hospital or clinic overseas which can provide comprehensive health check-ups, a full range of diagnostic testing and state-of-the-art treatments.

If you would like to find out more about treatment options for heart or cardiovascular diseases at top hospitals in India, Dubai and Thailand, please contact us today.


We are here to help. By using IMT you will be assured of the following:


You will get a free, dedicated client coordinator who will help coordinate with our partner hospitals to provide you, for free, with treatment plans and quotes to allow you to make an informed decision about which hospital and treatment is right for you.

All our partner hospitals are internationally accredited (JCI) and are the top hospitals in each country. We only work with market leading hospitals.

If you arrange things through us you will never pay more than if you were to contact the hospitals directly.

No waiting times.

No hidden fees, no obligations – receive a free, dedicated coordinator from IMT to help coordinate and book your international medical treatment.

Click the button below to fill out a short form with your information to get treatment options from specialists at our partner hospitals today.